Monkeys: Habits, Diet and Other Facts
Monkey is a term used to refer to some species of primates. Not all primates are monkeys, but all monkeys are primates. The order Primates is divided into two suborders: Strepsirrhini and Haplorrhini. In the suborder Strepsirrhini, lemurs, lorises and galagos are included. The Haplorrhini suborder, on the other hand, includes the tarsi and anthropoids. Anthropoids include monkeys and humans.
Monkeys are important animals for the environment, acting, for example, in the dispersion of plant species. Unfortunately, nowadays it is observed that several monkey species are threatened with extinction due to factors such as habitat fragmentation, hunting, animal trafficking, and infectious diseases.
What are monkeys?
Monkeys are mammals, therefore, among their main characteristics we can highlight the presence of hair on their bodies and mammary glands, which produce milk that is used to feed the offspring. The hair of monkeys has different shades depending on the species studied.
As mentioned, monkeys are animals belonging to the order Primates, just like humans. Among the main characteristics of primates we can highlight the well-developed brain, the forward-facing eyes, and the so-called opposable thumb. The opposable thumb in monkeys is important for them to be able to grasp objects, working like real tweezers.
Are human beings descended from the monkey?
It is very common for people to say that man came from, or descended from, the monkey. This information, very widespread in society, is, however, mistaken. When the subject is men and monkeys, what we have in common is that we share an ancestor at some point in our evolutionary history.
What are the risks to monkeys?
- Black-faced spider monkey: it is one of the largest spider monkey species in existence, with a body size of about 70 cm and a tail that can reach one meter. Its tail and long arms and legs allow the animal to move easily through the trees. As the name suggests, these animals have black fur on their body and face.
- The golden lion tamarin: this species is found exclusively in Brazil and is distinguished by hair that varies from golden to reddish-gold. The term lion is present in the name because of its coat resembling a mane on its head. These animals play an important role in seed dispersal.
- Sagui-de-tufo-branco: it is a small animal that weighs about 400 grams. It stands out for the white fur on its ears, hence the origin of its name. These animals live in flocks of approximately six individuals, led by the oldest female.